Ex-Finance Minister of the Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. He has been highly involved in both micro and macro development in Bangladesh. He played a key role in the period of 1973-1976 in negotiating the pre-liberation debts of Bangladesh and organizing a system for the management of foreign debt. He was also involved in preparing the First Five Year Plan of Bangladesh and was responsible for negotiating all external assistance agreements with multilateral and bilateral donors. He continues to take on a large number of measures to improve the effectiveness of external assistance, to promote the role of the private sector, and to strengthen the government’s anti-poverty efforts.